problems, vomiting, diarrhoea, pain, fever
Symptoms of Gastrointestinal
problems, vomiting, diarrhoea, pain and fever could
be due to:
and indications: A burning, gnawing pain
below the ribs. It may wake the sufferer in the
early hours. There is usually pain one to two hours
after meals, which continues until the next meal
and is only relieved by milk, antacids (medicines
that reduce the acidity of the stomach) and food.
Stopping smoking, antacids, barium meal. possibly
commonly affected: Adults and both sexes,
but especially those of blood group O, or those
with a family history of duodenal ulcers.
and indications: In general, food poisoning
results in nausea and vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal
pain and possibly headache and fever. The symptoms
and the time of onset vary with the type of food
poisoning, but will usually commence between one
and twenty four hours of intake.
Staphylococcal food poisoning from
meat, milk or egg products generates symptoms abruptly
within 2-8 hours and the attack is usually short-lived
(3-6 hours) with complete recovery. Only susceptible
individuals (young, chronically ill or the elderly)
are likely to be at risk. Clostridium perfringens
is associated with food poisoning from meat and
meals that are reheated, and symptoms are produced
within 8-24 hours.
Numerous species of Salmonella
cause food poisoning with symptoms following 8 hours
to 3 days after ingestion. Such infections are found
in the meat and/or milk of domesticated cows, pigs
and poultry and also in uncooked or lightly cooked
In the main, treatment is more preventative than
curative, i.e. affected foods should be avoided
and preparation and storage of foods should comply
with good practice and appropriate regulations.
Depending upon the severity of the attack, treatment
may just involve bed rest or, if there is severe
vomiting, intravenous infusions of electrolytes
may be required. Thereafter, the diet should be
bland until recovery is assured.
commonly affected: Both sexes and all
and indications: Symptoms include vomiting,
nausea, diarrhoea, abdominal pains, discomfort and
tenderness, wind and loss of appetite. There may
be feverishness and the person may feel unwell and
generally lethargic. Rarely, there may be vomiting
of blood or blood in the stools, which are then
black in colour. There may be dehydration due to
diarrhoea, which can be serious, especially in children.
A person with symptoms of gastritis should seek
Depends upon the cause and if it is drugs, alcohol
or other irritant substance, then these need to
be withdrawn and avoided. Plenty of fluids should
be drunk and food avoided on the first day that
gastritis begins. The person should carefully and
gradually resume a normal diet, avoiding foods that
may irritate, and alcohol. Recovery is normally
complete within about one week.
commonly affected: All age groups and
(gastric and Peptic Ulcer)
and indications: Symptoms may be quite
vague or more definite and vary in their severity.
They include pain felt either at the front or in
the back, which may be more severe before a meal.
Also, there may be nausea and a feeling of bloatedness
after meals. Sometimes, instead of pain there is
discomfort felt as a feeling of emptiness or hunger
or of an aching nature. A person with symptoms of
gastric unlcer should seek medical advice.
Diagnostic techniques include endoscopy, analysis
of gastric secretions and X-ray studies using barium.
Treatment is by means of a number of different drugs
including antacids, carbenoxolone and histamine
and others. Most gastric ulcers respond fairly well
to treatment, although there is a tendency for healing
and relapse to occur. A person should eat a light
diet and irritant foods or drinks should be avoided.
These include spicy foods containing pepper, fatty
foods, coffee and alcohol. The person should avoid
smoking and stress.
commonly affected: Adults of both sexes
in middle or older age, especially men.
Other problems that could cause
Symptoms of Gastrointestinal problems,
vomiting, diarrhoea, pain and fever could
be: Ancyclotomiasis, Addison's disease, Cholera,
Cirrhosis of the liver, Coeliac disease, Diverticular
disease, Fascioliasis, Gastroenteritis, Giardiasis,
Irritable bowel syndrome, Lassa fever, Ovarian tumour,
Polyarteritis nodosa, Radiation sickness, Roundworms,
Sprue, Tapeworms and others.